How to measure Intellectual capital

Knowledge and intellectual capital – strategically very important resource, which is worth to invest and develop it. Intellectual capital is “the complex knowledge, skills, procedures, processes, applied experience, technologies used in the organization, customer relations, occupational and professional skills that create additional value and competitive advantage in the marketplace.” (Rohr M .: K čemu je dobrý Intellectual Capital, Knowledge Management a emoční inteligence ? Deloitte, WS 15 September 2004) Knowledge management is a means which seeks all possible ways how to use all knowledge more efectively. Benefits and investing in knowledge management and intellectual capital for the company are extensive. It is suitable that competent departments pursued in the company a consistent measurement and reporting. Recording and measuring knowledge is nothing new and it is a long term objective of all modern companies. Data and reports about the activities of employees are nowadays recorded in the various programs and applications and further processed and archived for future use. A part of it can also be video or audio recordings, etc. The organization then analyzes the data and discusses how these information, make the most of their advantage. Prominent economists, for example, Roos J. and G. Roos are those who believe that intellectual capital and financial capital consists of the market value of the organization. The big problem with this thesis is that general accounting is missing a  tool to express the value of the knowledge. Evidence of explicit knowledge is possible to some extent way, because they can be registered, such as registration marks, licenses etc. Many experts have tried to calculate, at least in some way,  the value...

HP Helion OpenStack

HP Helion Openstack What is OpenStack? OpenStack is a non-profit foundation comprising a growing number of industry leaders with the expressed purpose of developing, testing, and documenting the software required to produce and maintain massively scalable public and private infrastructure as a service (IaaS) clouds. OpenStack is an open-source software, which means that the initial code can be used and changed by anyone. OpenStack project was originally launched by NASA and Rackspace and the base code was combined from NASA Nebula platform and the Rackspace Cloud Files platform. As the time goes by many contributors continue to add significant code updates, including Hewlett-Packard. OpenStack Technology OpenStack is a Cloud operating system that controls large pools of compute, storage and networking resources throughout a data center. The whole system is managed through an OpenStack dashboard, which is an intuitive Web Interface that gives administrators control over OpenStack environment and users ability to provision resources. The architecture of OpenStack system is based on flexibility to maximize options for designing different Cloud solutions. There are no proprietary hardware or software requirements and you can integrate OpenStack with legacy systems and third-party technologies. Because of these abilities, OpenStack stands in the front-line of Cloud technologies. The Hewlett-Packard company is bringing out the „New Style of IT“ and their latest research shows, that most of the customers will move their IT to Hybrid Cloud. One of the main reasons is that customers want to use their existing environment. An overview of the primary core services of OpenStack: Nova (Compute) – Provides virtual servers on demand Heat (Orchestration) – orchestration solution, helps with resource provisioning...

Knowledge evidence … Is it really worth it?

Knowledge evidence … Is it really worth it? One of the toughest questions in the field of the knowledge management is how to measure it. How valuable is the knowledge? How to justify investment in such “innovations” such as knowledge management? One of the essential factors of knowledge management is that the measurements demonstrating the gap between the plans of the organization and what they have to achieve in practice. It is important to focus on the essence of the problem, to realize the available methods and discuss the role of labor experts. It is very difficult to find factors how to measure the value while finding staff. It is said that “what can be measured can be further processed.” Therefore, if you are able to measure and visualize the intellectual capital, you have a far greater chance of succeeding in the market. There is never enough knowledge of how this “tacit” capital measure. Some programs analyze records of time spent at the customer, while others time spent at the computer, whether the goal is work or education. Another popular indicator is customer satisfaction. Is this evidence really worth it? Does it have a meaning? Many companies are trying to find programs that would facilitate smooth work, increase professionalism of staff and make the run of the business easy. Employers know that having specialists with key knowledge, helps them have good work done on one site and to develope know how on the other one (eg. internat trainings and so ). There is therefore a strong case for initiating procurement programs that can record and process data at the...

Swift – Architecture

In the previous article OpenStack – Storage, were described the basic characteristics of OpenStack architecture storage components for structured and unstructured data. In this article we will look a little more closely at the Swift component architecture. As you have read in a previous article Swift serves as a scalable, redundant and highly available object storage and the data model has a certain hierarchy that looks like this: Account/container/object For example, the object could be stored on this path: swift.example.com/v0/account/container/object Swift Architecture Swift data (accounts, containers, objects) are resources, which are stored on physical hardware. Machines running Swift processes are called Nodes. Swift cluster is a set of Nodes running set of processes and services, which are together making distributed storage system. Node = Every device, which is able to communicate with other network devices. If we want to ensure durability to isolate failure, we can organize Nodes in cluster into regions and zones of availability. Regions Swift is able to define physicaly separated parts of cluster into different regions. Regions are mostly defined by physical location of the hardware. For example, we could define a new region with a set of nodes located in separate location with higher latency, away from the other nodes in the cluster. A cluster must have a minimum of one region. There could be a lot of single-region clusters where all nodes belong to a single region. Once a cluster is using two or more regions, it is a multi-region cluster (MRC). Multi-region clusters have certain read and write behaviors. In particular, when an MRC receives a read request, Swift will favor copies...

OpenStack – Storage

OpenStack Object Storage – Swift Object Storage is part of OpenStack architecture under the name OpenStack Object Storage – Swift. It provides redundant and scalable storage for static data, such as photos, videos, e-mails, backups and virtual images. Objects are written to multiple disk drives, which are spread over multiple servers in the data center, so if there is a failure of one of the servers, OpenStack is still able to provide data to the user or application. Few Swift facts: All objects stored in Swift have own URL Aplications move with data in Swift through standard RESTful HTTP API Objects can obtain metadata, which makes them easily searchable Swift is part of open-source, so it is a free distribution Swift supports the biggest object storages in the world like RackSpace, HP Cloud, IBM Softlayer Cloud All objects are replicated to multiple drives and are separated to multiple availability zones There is no need for data migration in case of HW change Non-functional HW units can be changed while the cluster is online, without any downtime Swift can be a part of cloud environments, but it also works stand-alone OpenStack Block Storage – Cinder Block storage is part of OpenStack architecture under the name OpenStack Block Storage – Cinder. System of block storage provides us with possibilities of creating, attaching and disattaching persistent storages called “Volumes” for virtual instances. Users can deploy a storage without the need of knowledge about the device, which is providing the storage, or where is the physical location of this device. One of the basic features of Cinder is creating “Snapshots”, which are images...

Object and Block Storage

Storage is obviously an important part of OpenStack architecture, but it is necessary to know and understand the fundamental differences between different types of storage. If we use only the services of Nova ( compute ) to create a virtual instance , users have access only to the so-called Ephemeral Storage which is not persistent and is lost immediately after shutting down a virtual instance. What kinds of persistent storage exist , and what is the difference between them? Object Storage Object storage is one of the persistent data storage types, where we can  manage storage units called objects. An object is composed of several parts: The data itself – Data can be anything we want to store in some way. It can be an MP3 file of your favorite song, or even a video of your family vacation. Scalable amounts of metadata – Metadata specific information that describes the file and its content. This may be information about: who is the owner, who has access , file size , security, etc. Metadata is defined by user. ID – Identification address of the object. It helps users to find objects, without the need of knowing their physical locations. So what is a good use-case for object storage? Object storage solves the problem of large data growth and thanks to its characteristics, one of the main added values is an option to simply and flexibly backup and archive large amounts of data. If you need more space, object storage is easily scalable, so you can just add additional devices in the environment and the problem is solved. Another advantage is the ability to...
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